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Dentistry has come a long way since ancient times when a missing teeth was replaced by crude bamboo shoots. 4000 Years ago Chinese carved bamboo pegs in the jaw to replace missing teeth. 1000 Years later an Egyptian King had a copper peg hammered into his upper jaw bone hoping it would function as his missing tooth. As humans evolved, 1000 years later, they started using animal teeth or the teeth of slaves or poor people to replace missing tooth.

Since then there have been many other examples of various materials being used to replace the missing teeth. With improvement in the knowledge of metallurgy and biological behaviour of the metals, few clinicians started experimenting with certain metals which could promise a long term and healthy solution. In 1952, one such Clinician, Prof. Branemark placed Titanium Devices in Rabbits and observed that the device started integrating with the human bone. He called the process Osseointegration.

Osseointegration is the most important factor which determines the success of a dental implant. A dental implant typically contains a Crown and a Fixture. The fixture is the core part of the implant which is placed in the jaw. The Crown is the part which is the visible part of the implant and which looks and functions like the dental crown.

This brings us to the question “Why the missing teeth should be replaced?” To answer that, imagine a brick wall and assume that one of the bricks is removed. This would result in instability of the rest of the bricks. The same thing happens with the teeth. All the teeth are socketed within the jaws which are covered by gums. Teeth are continuously subjected to heavy forces from the large muscles of the face. When a tooth is lost the force become redistributed over the adjacent teeth. As more teeth are lost the remaining teeth must absorb more forces. As the stress on the remaining teeth increases, they will wear, shift and eventually loosen leading to premature tooth loss.


One way of handling the problem of one or more missing teeth is by doing a fixed bridge. In a fixed bridge solution the healthy teeth present adjacent to the missing space are ground down to accommodate the bridge. But this does not solve the primary problem of missing teeth which is irregular distribution of the forces. This leads to an opportunity for caries formation under the bridge and dislodgement of the bridge over time. This is not the case with dental implant. When an implant is placed into the jaw bone it absorbs the forces very much like natural tooth.

Dental implant surgery is a completely painless procedure on contrary to the popular opinion of it being extremely painful. It is done under local or general anaesthesia. You can request his appointment at any of the FDC Clinics.

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